What is Mometasone Nasal Spray?
Mometasone nasal spray contains the active ingredient mometasone furoate. This is a steroid which works to reduce swelling and irritation, which helps to prevent sneezing, runny nose and a blocked nose. There is also a branded version of Mometasone known as Nasonex.
How does it work?
Mometasone belongs to a group of drugs known as corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are hormones which are produced by the adrenal glands and have important roles in the body. This includes regulating inflammatory responses. Mometasone is a synthetic corticosteroid and when administered, prevents cells in the nasal passage from releasing chemicals that cause symptoms such as runny nose, blocked nose and an itchy nose.
Who should not use Mometasone nasal spray?
Do not use this medication if:
- You are allergic to mometasone furoate or any other ingredients contained within it which can be found in the patient information leaflet
- You have an untreated infection in your nose
- You have recently injured, or had an operation on your nose
Seek advice from your GP or pharmacist before using this medication if:
- You have recently, are currently or are planning to take any other mediation
- You are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to get pregnant
- You have or have previously had tuberculosis
- You currently have any type of infection
- You are taking any other steroid medication
- You have cystic fibrosis
During treatment, consult with your GP or pharmacist if:
- You feel as though your immune system is not functioning well
- You have a throat or nasal infection
- You have been using this medication for several months
- You are experiencing constant irritation in your nose or throat
What are the side effects of using Mometasone nasal spray?
Possible side effects associated with the use of Mometasone nasal spray include but are not limited to the following:
Allergic reactions – symptoms include:
- Swelling on the face, tongue or pharynx
- Having trouble when swallowing
- Difficulty breathing
If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately stop treatment and seek medical attention as they can be severe
Common side effects (affecting up to 1 in 10 people)
- Nose bleeds
- Sore throat or nose
- Nose ulcers
- Respiratory tract infection
Other side effects (for which the frequency is unknown):
- Cataracts which cause visual disturbances
- Damage to the part of the nose which separates the nostrils
- Altered sense of taste or smell
- Difficulty breathing
- Impaired vision
If you experience any of these side effects, including any that are not listed, consult with your GP or pharmacist.
Shake the bottle
Gently shake the bottle a few times in an up-down motion
Remove dust cap and prime
Remove the dust cap and hold the bottle as shown with your index and middle finger on the collar of the nozzle and your thumb underneath. If you are using your nasal spray for the first time or after a few days without use, press down with your index and middle finger until a fine mist is produced.
Blow your nose
Blow your nose to clear the airways
Hold the bottle as shown and using your other hand, place a finger on your nose to close one nostril. Put the nozzle into the other nostril as far as is comfortable. Tilt your head forward and keep the bottle upright. Start breathing in slowly through your nose and at the same time press down firmly on the collar of the bottle to release one spray.
Breathe out through your mouth. Repeat step 4 if you have been instructed to administer more than one spray in each nostril.
Administer in other nostril
Repeat steps 4 and 5 to administer the correct number of sprays in the other nostril
Use one to two sprays in each nostril daily. This can be increase to two sprays into each nostril daily. Reduce the frequency of administration to one spray in each nostril daily, once control has been achieved.
Mometasone nasal spray must be prepared or ‘primed’ before using it for the first time.
To prepare Mometasone:
- Shake the bottle gently
- Place your index and middle finger on either side of the nozzle, on the collar of the bottle
- Place your thumb on the bottom of the bottle
- While holding the nozzle away from you, press down with your fingers to release the spray
- Pump the spray a few times until a fine mist is produced
- If you have not used your pump for 14 days, you may need to prime it again
Clean your nasal spray once a week at least to ensure it does not get blocked and stop working.
To clean Mometasone:
- Remove the dust cap
- Pull on the white collar gently to remove the nozzle
- Soak the dust cap and nozzle for a few minutes in warm water and then rinse them off under a running tap
- Place them in a warm place and leave them to dry before putting the parts back together
- Replace the nozzle and if required, ‘prime’ the bottle by pumping a few sprays until a fine mist is produced